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March 7

Saint’s Day for Perpetua, Felicidad and Pablo.

1938 - Spanish Civil War, sinking of the cruiser Baleares.
1939 - Spanish Civil War, the collapse occurs by the coastal defenses of Cartagena, the merchant ship, used as a troop transport Olite Castle, becoming the sinking of one ship with more fatalities the history of Spain; 1476 deceased.
1966 - The minister Manuel Fraga bathing on the beach of Palomares, where a US H-bomb fell, to show that there is no danger of radioactivity.
1972 - Cardinal Vicente Enrique y Tarancon is appointed president of the Spanish Episcopal Conference.
1991 - a law is passed in Congress for the creation of the Instituto Cervantes, a public institution created by the Spanish government to promote Spanish language teaching and knowledge of the cultures of the Spanish-speaking countries throughout the world. Today, the organisation has more than 60 branches across four continents.

Cervantes Institute in Chicago

2008 - In the Guipuzcoan town of Mondragón, former socialist councilor Isaías Carrasco is murdered at the door of his house by the terrorist band ETA.
2010 - Tens of thousands demonstrate against an abortion bill in several Spanish cities
2024 - Spain's ruling Socialists and Catalan independence parties said they have agreed on a new amnesty law bill that has polarised the country. "After days of joint work and taking into account the directives of European and international constitutional law," the parties "have reached an agreement... to strengthen the amnesty law," they announced in a joint statement.

1805 - Juana de Vega, writer (d. 1872).
1831 - Don Emilio Alcalá-Galiano y Valencia, 4th Count of Casa Valencia and 2nd Viscount of the Pontón  was a noble and politician who served as Minister of State in the reign of King Alfonso XII. (d. 1914)
1862 - Juan Martínez Abades, painter in the Naturalist style, who specialised in seascapes and other maritime scenes from the Cornisa Cantábrica. (d. 1920)
1879 - Juan Ventosa, politician and economist (d. 1959).
1885 - Antonio de Zulueta, geneticist (d. 1971).
1886 - Federico García Sanchiz, intelectual (d. 1964).
1908 - Tomas de Manzarraga. composer, born in Igorre (d. 1988)
1925 - Manuel Gago, story teller (d. 1980).
1927 - Josep Maria Espinàs i Massip is a Catalan language writer, journalist and publisher known for his novels, travel writing and newspaper articles. Author of an extensive body of literature, 
1935 - José del Patrocinio Romero Jiménez,painter and poet(d. 2006).
Antonio Mercero in 1967 - http://www.fotolibre.org/
1936 - The TV and film director Antonio Mercero was born in Lasarte, Guipúzcoa. He won a number of awards for his films, but is probably best known to the general public for two popular TV series, Verano Azul and Farmacia de Guardia. He is best known as the director of a 1972 surrealist short horror film titled La cabina, that won an Emmy Award. His 1998 film A Time for Defiance was entered into the 21st Moscow International Film Festival where it won the Special Silver St. George. In 2010, he was awarded a Honorary Goya Award (Goya de Honor). (d. 2018)
1948 - Juan Eslava Galán, writer of historic genre, both fiction and non-fiction. He has published some of his works under the pen name Nicholas Wilcox.
1949 - José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana was a Basque para-militarist and a key figure in the political evolution of the Basque separatist paramilitary Euskadi ta Askatasuna (ETA). Often known by his nom de guerre Argala (Slim), he took part in the so called Operation Ogre, which consisted in the assassination of Luis Carrero Blanco, Spain's Prime Minister, in 1973.Five years later, he was in turn assassinated by a car bomb in Anglet, French Basque Country by a group directed by far right members inside the Spanish Navy (including an official of the SECED secret service and another of the Naval military intelligence agency, Servicio de Inteligencia Naval and the other belonging to the Alto Estado Mayor). (d. 1978)
1961 - Luis Doreste, sailor.
1963 - Carlos Bardem, actor and screen writer, He is the son of actress Pilar Bardem and brother of actors Mónica and Javier Bardem (known for the 2007 film No Country for Old Men). Carlos Bardem won the 2008 Spanish Actors Union's "Newcomer Award for a Male" (Categoría Masculina) for La zona.
1964 - Domi del Postigo, actor and newsreader
1967 - Muhsin Al-Ramli, Spanish-Iraqi writer.
1972 - Nathalie Poza, actress.
1973 - Nerea Calvillo (born in Madrid) is an  architect who investigates the intersection between architecture, science and technology, as well as feminist studies, new materials and urban political ecology. Specialised in the research of the visual representation of air in the atmosphere, she constructs graphic diagrams for the visualization of invisible microscopic agents in the air and thus influences the improvement of air quality. 
1973 - Álex O'Dogherty, actor

1517 - Maria de Aragon and Castile, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, Infanta of Castile and Aragon and Queen consort of Portugal (b 1482).
1890 - Claudio Moyano, politician (b. 1809).
1908 - Manuel Curros Enríquez, writer (b. 1851).
1939 - Federico Moyúa Salazar, Basque politician (b. 1872).
1962 - Juan Calvo Domenech, actor (b. 1892).
1998 - Josep Escolà, footballer (b. 1914).
2004 - Ricardo Ortega Fernández, journalist (b. 1966).
2008 - Antonio Colino, Spanish linguist, member of the RAE (b.1914).
2008 - Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo and Maura, historian and Spanish writer, Duchess of Medina Sidonia (b 1936).
2011 - Adrián Escudero, footballer (b. 1927).