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March 8

Saint’s Day for Juan de Dios, Apolonio and Urbano.

1126 - Alfonso VII is proclaimed king of Castile and Leon, after the death of his mother Urraca.
1545 - slavers in Paraguay encomenderos prisoner sent Spain to the conqueror Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca.
1576 - Diego Garcia de Palacio was the first to give notice of Copan, at least in writing to His Majesty King Philip II of Spain, in his Tales of Copan.
1610 - In Madrid King Philip III provides that the Catholic Inquisition was established in Cartagena de Indias (Colombia).
1754 - Marquis of Ensenada becomes premier of Spain
1820 - Fernando VII swears the Spanish Constitution of 1812 and abolishes the Inquisition.

Blood Wedding - by Federico Garcia Lorca photo - www.tworivertheater.org

1836 - Mendizabal has its third decree, by which the religious corporations of regular clerics were removed.
1839 - Madrid Central Normal School Teachers is inaugurated.
1844 - in Alicante a liberal uprising known as Bone Rebellion occurs, Gonzalez Bravo repress harshly. Pantaleon die Boné shot the leader and the rest of rebel soldiers, to be known as the Martyrs of Liberty.
1856 - In Madrid the first stone of Teatro de la Zarzuela is placed.
1910 - King Alfonso XIII Spanish women authorize higher studies.
1914 - elections of deputies in Spain are made,lavish in protests, riots, deaths and injuries. The Supreme Court annuls 25 minutes.
1921 - the Prime Minister, Eduardo Dato, is killed by Catalan anarchists.
1922 - Maura Cambo-Government falls, which is replaced by Jose Sanchez Guerra.
1923 - at the Central University of Madrid, physicist Albert Einstein is awarded an honorary doctorate.
1933 - Beatriz Theatre in Madrid, Federico Garcia Lorca premiered his drama Blood Wedding.
1936 - held in Spain for the first time the International Day of Working Women.
1937 - the Battle of Guadalajara starts in the Spanish Civil War.
1943 - from Rome, Juan de Borbon y Battenberg, heir to the Spanish throne, wrote a letter to General Franco in which he expresses his desire for a quick return to the monarchy, symbolized in his person.
1954 - Lieutenant General Francisco Franco Salgado-Araujo is appointed new head of the military house of dictator Francisco Franco.
1960 - the Guadarrama tunnel project is approved.
1962 - Goya Theatre in Madrid premiers 'shirt', by Lauro Olmo.
1963 - Montjuïc (Barcelona), nine people die from a landslide that crushed the barracks where they lived.
1968 - the INI (National Institute of Industry) goes to the Ministry of Industry.
1976 - returns to Spain the former secretary of the FAI, Diego Abad de Santillán.
1984 - José Rodríguez de la Borbolla is invested as new President of Andalucía.
1987 - Mondragón (Guipuzcoa) is Iturbe Abasolo buried Sunday, Txomin, top leader of ETA.
1993 - France's Cesar award for best foreign film is Tacones Lejanos, of Pedro Almodóvar.
2005 - in Fuenlabrada (Madrid), a young Moroccan is accused of collaborating with terrorists of 11-M.
2005 - Five Civil Guards die run over when dismounting an anti-terrorism control in the highway of Burgos, by a heavy truck, whose driver fell asleep.
2005 - Ricardo Blazquez Perez of Bilbao bishop, Cardinal Rouco Varela replaces the head of the Spanish Episcopal Conference.
2005 - Madrid, Prince of Asturias inaugurated the International Summit on Democracy, Terrorism and Security.
2006 - Wikipedia in Spanish reaches the figure of 100,000 items.
2006 - the Senate approved without amendments the reform of the Valencian Statute, agreed by the PP and the PSOE.
2006 - Valencia, a court finds four million euros in bank accounts of companies allegedly linked to the former Pakistani prime minister, Benazir Bhutto.
2006 - in Santona, ETA placed a bomb at the headquarters of Spanish Falange without causing considerable damage.
2018 - International Women's Day, Spanish women went on strike for the day to denounce sexual discrimination, domestic violence and the wage gap. Participants, led by women's organizations and the trade unions, did not go to their paid jobs, especially in education, and did not do any housework or child-rearing for the whole day; some groups additionally called for a consumption strike. The unions estimate that 5 million women participated in the strike, with massive demonstrations taking place in the most populated cities of the country
2024 - Spanish police say they have smashed a syndicate which allegedly falsified works by British street artist Banksy and sold them around the world for up to €1,500 each. Cataluña's regional police said in a statement officers arrested two people in the north-eastern city of Zaragoza ,where the forgeries were allegedly made, and two others with "knowledge of the art world" suspected of having put the works on sale.

1293 – Beatrice of Castile (d. 1359)
1495 - Juan de Dios, Spanish saint.
1745 - José de Mazarredo, sailor.
1803 - Juan Manuel de Manzanedo, merchant and banker.
1805 - Antonio Maria Esquivel, painter.
1815 - Juan María Acebal y Gutiérrez, Asturian writer.
1841 - Valentín Almirall, politician and journalist (d. 1904).
1859 - Manuel García Prieto, politician.
1897 - The Catalan writer and journalist, Josep Pla, born in Llofriu.
1923 - José María Forqué, film director and producer.
1925 - Francisco Rabal Valera, better known as Paco Rabal, was an actor, director, and screenwriter born in Águilas, a town in the south-western part of the province of Murcia, Throughout his career, Rabal appeared in around 200 films working with directors including Francesc Rovira-Beleta, Luis Buñuel, José Luis Sáenz de Heredia, Carlos Saura, Pedro Almodóvar, William Friedkin, Michelangelo Antonioni, Claude Chabrol, Luchino Visconti, and Gillo Pontecorvo. Paco Rabal was recognized both in his native Spain and internationally, winning the Award for Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival for Los Santos Inocentes and a Goya Award for Best Actor for playing Francisco de Goya in Carlos Saura's Goya en Burdeos. One of Spain's most loved actors, Rabal also was known for his commitment to human rights and other social causes. (d. 2001)
1926 - Josefina Aldecoa, writer and pedagogue (d. 2011).
1933 - Fernando González Bernáldez, ecologist (d. 1992).
1934 - Martí Vergés, footballer midfielder (12 caps. FC Barcelona) born in Vidreres (d. 2021)
1934 - Rodri, football defender (4 caps FC Barcelona) and manager (CD Condal) born in Barcelona (d. 2022)
1935 - José Segú, cyclist (d. 2010).
1936 - Mariano Torralba, writer and journalist.
1940 - Manuel Nunez Encabo, jurist and politician.
1942 - Manolo Valdés, artist.
1944 - Pepe Romero, guitarist and composer (The Romeros)
1946 - José Manuel Lara Bosch, editor.
1947 - Florentino Pérez, businessperson, politician, civil engineer, sports administrator
1955 - Carmen Santos, writer.
1964 - Silvia Marsó, actress.
1982 - David Lorenzo Magariño, writer.
1990 - Asier Illarramendi, footballer

1126 - Urraca, Castilian aristocrat.
1550 - Juan de Dios, religious founder of the Hospitaller Order of St. John of God.
1898 - Frascuelo (Salvador Sánchez Povedano), bullfighter.
1921 - Eduardo Dato Iradier, politician.
1930 - Gabriel Miró, writer.
1941 - José Serrano, composer.
1973 - Benjamín de Arriba y Castro, cardinal (b. 1886).
1987 - Manuel Viola, painter.
1999 - Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer and Cervantes Prize winner in 1990.
2019 - Jaume Muxart, painter (b. 1922)