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May 30

Saints Day: Anastasio, Basilio, Juana de Arco and Fernando
Regional fiesta day on the Canaries
Fiestas for San Fernando in Sevilla and Cáceres

1108 - The Christian troops of Alfonso VI are beaten in the battle of Uclés in Cuenca by the Almoravids from Granada, Valencia and Murcia led by Yusuf ibn Tasfin

Liberto Rabal - Photo www.rtve.es

1498 - Christopher Columbus left Sanlúcar de Barrameda at the start of his third voyage to the New World.
1516 - After the death of his grandfather, Fernando II of Aragoón, Carlos I is named heir to the throne of Aragón
1539 -  Spanish Explorer Hernando de Soto's expedition of 10 ships and 700 men lands in Florida with the goal of finding gold
1588 - The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel.
1646 - Spain & Netherlands sign temporary cease fire
1968 - The new constitution came into force on Gibraltar under which the British Government conceded an autonomous government to the rock
1902 - King Alfonso XII, who was elected as a constitutional monarch, suspends the Cortes, Spain's parliament
1982 - Spain becomes the 16th member NATO Treaty Organization (North Atlantic). It is the first country to join after West Germany in 1955.
1983 - The Canary Islands celebrate their first parliamentary session in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, an event that is remembered every year with the celebration of Day of the Canary Islands.

Births
1580 - Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Mendoza, military man and politican (d. 1634).
1845 - Amadeus/Amadeo  I de Saboya, duke of Aosta and Spanish King (1870-1873) born in Turin, Italy. (d. 1890)
1880 - Joaquín Fanjul, soldier (d. 1936).
1920 - Antoni Badia i Margarit, was a Catalan linguist and philologist who produced works on the grammar and history of the Catalan language. He was born in Barcelona (d. 2014)
1930 - Juan Genovés Candel, painter whose work is considered to symbolise the defence of democracy during the Spanish transition. His work has been recognised domesitcally and internationally (d. 2020)
1931 - Antonio Gamoneda Lobón, poet winner of the Cervantes Prize in 2006
1937 - Emiliano Rodríguez, basketball player.
1943 - Narcis Serra, socialist politician
1943 - Antonio Burgos, journalist and writer.
1947 - Fernando Martín Álvarez, businessman and president of Real Madrid (d. 2006).
1948 - Salvador Puig Antich, Spanish and last revolutionary killed by garrote the Franco regime.
1958 - Miguel López-Alegría, USA astronaut of Spanish origin (Lt Cmdr/astro (STS 73, sk 92)) born in Madrid
1975 - Liberto Rabal, actor


Deaths
1252 - Fernando III of León, called the Saint, was King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230, as well as King of Galicia from 1231. He was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile.(b. 1199)
1379 - Enrique II, Castillian King. (b. 1334)
1469 - Lope de Barrientos, Castilian bishop. (b, 1382)
1778 - José de la Borda French/Spanish mining magnate in colonial Mexico (b, 1700)
1889 - Silverio Franconetti, Spanish flamenco singer (b. 1823).
1941 - Pascual Márquez Díaz, bullfighter. (b. 1914)
1990 - José Solís, politician (b. 1915).
1991 - Manolo Gómez Bur, actor (b. 1917).
1995 - José Finat y Escrivá de Romaní, politician (b. 1904).
1995 - Antonio Flores, singer and composer (b. 1961).
2003 - Gabriel Cualladó, photographer(b. 1925).
2010 - José Manuel Casas Torres, university professor and geologist (b. 1916).
2012 - Manuel Rotella, politican and businessman (b. 1931).