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November 1

All Saints’ Day. Saint’s Day for Benigno and Diego

1009 - Berber forces led by Sulayman ibn al-Hakam defeat the Umayyad caliph Muhammad II of Córdoba in the battle of Alcolea
1348 - The Union of Valencia (antirealist) attacked the Jews of Murviedro because they were subjects of the king of Valencia, and therefore realists.
1466 - In the church of San Nicolás del pueblo de Villalpando (Zamora) they voted for the immaculate conception for the first time.
1520 - the navigator Fernando de Magallanes (Magellan) leads his ships into the sea channel he discovered between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, at the mainland tip of South America. It would later be named the Magellan Strait.

Victoria De Los Angeles

1570 - The Moors of Granada, Lecrin Valley, the Vega and other regions, are gathered in churches of every village and forced to go to Córdoba, and from there spread between Extremadura and Galicia.
1910 - The anarcho-syndicalist labor organization CNT (National Confederation of Labour) was founded.
1929 - Granada Cathedral is declared Monumento Nacional.

1449 - Rodrigo de Aragón, son of Lucrecia Borgia (d 1512)
1516 - Francesco d'Este, son of Lucrecia Borgia (d. 1578).
1549 - Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain (d. 1580)
1567 - Diego Sarmiento de Acuña, 1st Count of Gondomar, Spanish academic and diplomat born in Astorga (d. 1626)
1753 - Félix María Calleja del Rey, soldier (d. 1828).
1849 - Valentín Lamas Carvajal, poet and journalist in the Galician language.
1857 - Darío de Regoyos, painter (d.1913)
1904 - Telesforo Monzón, Basque politician and writer (d. 1981)
1922 - José Manuel Pita Andrade, art historian (d. 2007)
1923 - Victoria de los Ángeles, Catalan operatic lyric soprano, born in Barcelona. (d. 2005)
1936 - Joaquín Achúcarro, pianist.
1951 - Manuel Cacho Quesada, diplomat.
1954 - Maribel Martín, actress.
1955 - Antonio Romero Ruiz, Izquierda Unida politician, was born in Humilladero, Málaga.
1963 - Francisco José Alcaraz, social activist.
1964 - Jon Jauregi, Basque politician.
1965 - Gemma Nierga, journalist.
1973 - Igor González de Galdeano, cyclist.
1975 - Roberto Dueñas, Basketball player.
1978 - Rebeca Pous Del Toro, singer and actress.
1979 - David Cuéllar, footballer.
1983 - Pedro López Muñoz, footballer

1700 - Carlos II of Spain. (1665-1700) dies aged 39
1869 - José Manzano "El Nili", bullfighter.
1882 - Alejandro Mon y Menéndez, politician (d. 1801)
1895 - Benito Sanz y Forés, Cardinal (d. 1828)
1906 - Juan de la Pezuela, writer, politician and soldier (d. 1809)
1921 - Francisco Pradilla y Ortiz, painter.
1993 - Severo Ochoa, biochemist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Medicine,died in Madrid.(b. 1905)
2012 - Agustín García Calvo, poet, playwright, and philosopher (b. 1926)