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November 12

Saint’s Day for Aurelio, Millán, Mateo, Isaac, Paterno and Josafat.

1912 - 1n the Puerta del Sol (Madrid) the president of the Council of Ministers, José Canalejas, is assassinated.
1985 - Spanish film personalities meet in the O'Pazo, a Madrid restaurant, to discuss the state of the Spanish cinema. The germ that would allow the birth, a year later, the AACCE (Spanish Academy of Arts and Cinematographic Sciences).
1985 - The UN Decolonisation Commission approves, by consensus, a resolution urging the governments of Spain and the United Kingdom to continue negotiations for a final settlement of the Gibraltar dispute.
2005 - The Royal Spanish Academy and the Association of Academies of the Spanish Language make the official presentation of the Panhispánico dictionary of doubts.
2022 - Flights were halted at Valencia airport after lightning and heavy flooding struck the runway following hours of torrential rain

La Pasionaria - https://www.elespanol.com/

1627 - Diego Luis de San Vitores, Jesuit missionary (d. 1672)
1651 -  Juana Ines de La Cruz, Mexican poet, nun and feminist (Primero Sueno) born in San Miguel Neoantia, new Spain (d. 1695)
1657 - Jose Agramunt, Spanish Dominican friar. (d. 1732)
1882 - María Teresa de Borbón, infanta (d. 1912)
Alfonso de Orleans y Borbon - https://es.wikipedia.org/

1886 - Alfonso de Orleans y Borbon, V Duke of Galliera, 
prince, military aviator and first cousin of Alfonso XIII of Spain.
Alfonso was born in Madrid, the elder son of Infante Antonio, Duke of Galliera and his wife, Infanta Eulalia of Spain. On his paternal side he was a grandson of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier, while on his maternal side he was a grandson of Queen Isabella II of Spain. On 30 November 1886, in the Royal Palace of Madrid, he was baptised with the names Alfonso María Francisco Antonio Diego.

The day before his birth, his maternal aunt Queen Maria Cristina, Regent of Spain, granted him the title and prerogatives of Infante of Spain.

In 1899 Alfonso and his younger brother Luis Fernando were sent to England to be educated by the Jesuits at Beaumont College. They remained there until 1904.

In 1906 Alfonso graduated from the Military Academy of Toledo. In 1910 he trained as a pilot in France. Upon returning to Spain, he successfully become one of the first and most distinguished aviators in the Spanish military. He served as chief of aerial operations for the 1925 amphibious landings at Al Hoceima in Morocco.

In May 1930 Alfonso was a passenger on the Graf Zeppelin flight from Sevilla to Brazil. He then continued in the Graf Zeppelin to New York City and visited President Herbert Hoover in Washington, D.C., before returning to Spain.

On 27 February 1931, Alfonso was named Chief of Staff of the Spanish Air Force and Commander of the First Aero District by his cousin King Alfonso XIII.

After the founding of the Second Spanish Republic on 14 April 1931, Alfonso was exiled to London. When he returned to Spain in 1932, he was imprisoned at Villa Cisneros (now Dakhla, Western Sahara). On 1 January 1933, Alfonso and some thirty other monarchist prisoners escaped in a boat, travelling 1800 miles to Lisbon.

In 1937 after the start of the Spanish Civil War Alfonso returned to Spain to head the aerial forces of General Francisco Franco. At the end of the war, he was promoted to general. He was made head of the Second Division Air Force in 1940. Three years later, he was promoted to brigadier general.

For many years Alfonso was the unofficial representative in Spain of the Count of Barcelona, the son and heir of King Alfonso XIII. In 1941 Alfonso was godfather for the Count of Barcelona's younger son Alfonso. In 1945, Alfonso resigned his position in the Spanish Air Force to show his support for the Lausanne Manifestó, a manifesto of the Count of Barcelona arguing for the restoration of the monarchy. This decision put an end to his military career although he continued to pilot aircraft as a civilian.

On 15 July 1909, Alfonso married Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1884–1966), daughter of Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (second son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom). There was a civil ceremony in Schloss Rosenau, followed by a Catholic religious ceremony in St. Augustine's Church in Coburg, and finally a Protestant religious ceremony in Schloss Callenberg.

The New York Times reported that Alfonso did not have the permission of his cousin King Alfonso XIII of Spain to marry and that he had been "stripped of his Spanish honours and decorations". Indeed, by Royal Decree dated on 16 July 1909 King Alfonso XIII deprived him of all his Spanish titles: "Having been married Don Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón, without complying with the requirements and without the consent that according to his class were necessary... D. Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón is deprived of the prerogatives, honours and distinctions corresponding to the condition of Infante of Spain".

Beatrice had been raised Protestant, and chose not to convert to Catholicism. Several days after the marriage it was revealed that King Alfonso XIII had no personal objection to the marriage: indeed, he encouraged it and used his influence to obtain a dispensation so as to allow a Catholic ceremony. Nevertheless, the Spanish government insisted that the marriage of a Spanish infante to a Protestant could not receive official approval.

Alfonso was removed from his regiment as a consequence of his marriage. The Times reported that he would also be "tried by a disciplinary council for marrying without the permission of the military authorities.

Alfonso and Beatrice had three children:

In 1911 Alfonso was restored to the rank of lieutenant in the army. In 1912 King Alfonso XIII issued a decree restoring his title: I hereby restore the prerogatives, honours and distinctions corresponding to the condition of Infante of Spain, Knight of the Distinguished Order of the Golden Fleece, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III and many other graces and favours that by Me he has received".

In August 1913 Beatrice was received into the Catholic Church.

In 1928 Alfonso visited North America accompanied by his wife and eldest son. The visit was intended to be a preliminary to a visit by King Alfonso XIII which never occurred. On 13 November they arrived in New York City, where they stayed at the home of General Cornelius Vanderbilt III. They were then the guests of Percy Rivington Pyne, II, at his country home in RoslynLong Island. They proceeded to Philadelphia where they were the guests of Joseph E. Widener. Later they visited Washington, D.C. (where they met Vice President and Mrs. Charles G. Dawes), BostonMontreal (where they met the Lieutenant Governor of QuebecNarcisse Perodeau), Detroit, and Niagara Falls. They left New York City and returned to Spain on 7 December

Upon the death of his father in 1930, Infante Alfonso inherited the title of Duke of Galliera in the Italian nobility. In 1937, he renounced the title in favor of his son Álvaro and was therefore styled as Infante Alfonso of Orleans and Bourbon until his death.

In 1975 Alfonso died of a heart attack at his palace in Sanlúcar de Barrameda.

The Fundación Infante de Orleans, a foundation dedicated to the preservation of historical aircraft in Spain, established in 1989, is named in his honour.

1895 - Manuel Alonso Areizaga - tennis player (d. 1984)
1896 - Arturo Duperier, physicist (d. 1959)
1933 - Bartomeu Fiol, poet (d. 2011)
1948 - Jorge Rodríguez-Zapata, jurist.
1951 - Luis Cobo, guitarist and composer (Guadalquivir).
1963 - Juan Francisco Alemany, handball player.
1973 - Roger Gual, film director.
1978 - Mista, footballer.
1987 - Juan José Ballesta, who won the Goya Award for Best Emerging Actor for his role as a street urchin in the film ‘El Bola,’ was born in Parla, Madrid. He was just 12 when he played the part.

1463 - Didacus of Alcalá, also known as Diego de San Nicolás, was a Spanish-Franciscan lay brother who served as among the first group of missionaries to the newly conquered Canary Islands he is now honoured by the Catholic Church as a saint 

1844 - Jerónimo Merino Cob, alias El Cura Merino was a Spanish guerilla fighter and priest. He was the parish priest in his Burgos birthplace when the War of Spanish Independence began in 1808. After a quarrel with the French military he fled from Burgos and led a guerrilla group that never suffered defeat 
1912 - José Canalejas, the Prime Minister of Spain, (1910-12) was shot dead by an anarchist when he stopped to look in the window of a bookshop in the Puerta del Sol in Madrid aged 58
1956 - Juan Negrín, scientist and politician.
1977 - Francisco Muñoz y Herrero, bullfighter.
1989 - Dolores Ibárrui, the historic leader of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE), known to the world as ‘La Pasionaria,’ died of pneumonia.
1997 – Carlos Surinach, Spanish-American composer and conductor (b. 1915)
1999 - Antonio González Batista, The Pescaílla, guitarist and and widower of singer Lola Flores
2011 - María Jesús Valdés, actress (b. 1927)