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November 16

Saint’s Day for Margarita de Escocia, Gertrudis, Edmundo, Rufino and Valerio.

1491 - Two Jews and six Jewish converts were burnt at the stake after an inquisitorial court found them guilty of the ritual murder of the Holy Child of La Guardia, a child who was allegedly kidnapped and killed by the group.
1491 - An auto-da-fé, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects

Spanish Government forces crossing the Ebro - photo https://artsandculture.google.com/

1532 - Atahualpa, the last sovereign emperor of the Inca Empire, is taken prisoner by Francisco Pizarro, in Cajamarca, in what would prove to be the beginning of the fall of the Inca Empire.
1700 - Start of the Spanish reign dynasty of Borbón with Felipe V.
1870 - Parliament 'the Cortes' formally elects Italian Prince Amadeo Ferdinando Maria as King Amadeo I of Spain
1938 - The longest and most bloody battle of the Spanish Civil War, and the last major Republican offensive, the Battle of the Ebro, came to an end with a victory for Nationalist forces, in a battle where thousands lost their lives
2020 - Ibiza , Local businesses lost €2,5bn this season from the collapse in tourism
Until September, tourist spending was only €472 m, compared with nearly €3bn last year
2022 - Granada has been named the cheapest destination for a city break, thanks to its wide range of free attractions. Three over Spanish cities made it into the top ten
2022 - Amazon cloud computing unit AWS plans to invest €2.5 billion over the next 10 years which will create over 1,300 jobs, the US e-commerce giant said

1528 - Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre (d. 1572)
Turibius of Mongrovejo  - https://en.wikipedia.org/
1538 - Saint Turibius of Mongrovejo, was a Spanish prelate of the Catholic Church who served as the Archbishop of Lima from 1579 until his death.  He first studied in the humanities and law before serving as a professor and later as the Grand Inquisitor at the behest of King Philip II. His piety and learning had reached the ears of the king who appointed him to that position which was considered unusual since he had no previous government or judicial experience. His noted work for the Inquisition earned him praise from the king who nominated him for the vacant Lima archdiocese. The pope confirmed this despite his protests.

Mogrovejo was ordained to the priesthood in 1578 and was later consecrated as an archbishop in 1580 before setting off for Peru to begin his mission. He was a noted and charismatic preacher who set about baptizing and catechizing the natives while confirming almost half a million people; these included Rose of Lima and Martin de Porres. The archbishop was a staunch advocate for archdiocesan reform and set to work reforming the diocesan priests from impurities and scandals while instituting new educational procedures for seminaries.

He predicted the exact date and hour of his death. His reputation for holiness and learning was never forgotten, and it led to calls for his canonization. Pope Innocent XI beatified the late archbishop and Pope Benedict XIII canonized him as a saint on 10 December 1726. 

1775 - Joaquín Oliet Cruella, painter (d. 1849)
1822 - Rafael Berenguer y Condé, painter.
1841 - Agustin Riancho, painter who stood out especially as a painter of landscapes.
1886 - José Moreno Jaime, priest.
1896 - Modesto Garcia Contreras, writer and journalist, who worked for five newspapers was in Almería and Córdoba Journal and co-founder of Eastern Andalusia with Paco Valverde.
1913 - Ramón Sijé, artistic pseudonym of José Ramón Marín Gutiérrez, writer, essayist, journalist and lawyer.
1917 - Manuel Benítez Rufo, politician.
1917 - Manuel Criado de Val, philologist.
1918 - Eufemia López Soria, artist and teacher.
1922 - José Saramago, writer, novelist, poet, journalist and playwright Portuguese, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1998 among many other decorations and awards.(d. 2010)
1931 - José Casas Gris, footballer (d. 2010)
1944 - Máximo Valverde, actor.
1945 - José García Román, composer and academic.
1946 - Ángel Sánchez Pascual, poet.
1947 - Enrique Llongueras, businessman and hairdresser.
1947 - The PNV Basque Nationalist Senator, Iñaki Anasagasti, was born in Cumaná, Venezuela, where his family went into exile after the Civil War.
1953 - Jesús Caudevilla Pastor, writer.
1961 - Sabino Méndez, musician, from the band Loquillo y los Trogloditas.
1976 - Estíbaliz Gabilondo, actress and reporter.

1322 - Nasr I, Sultan of Granada. (b. 1287)
1613 - Andrés Rey de Artieda, writer. (b. 1549 in Valencia)
1899 - Manuel Carmona, bullfighter. (b. 1832)
1947 - Eduardo García del Real, doctor. (b. 1870 in Madrid)
1970 - Luis Jiménez de Asúa, was a jurist and Spanish politician. He was vice president of the Spanish parliament and representative of that country before the United Nations. During the Francoist dictatorship he exiled himself to Argentina, in 1962 we was named president of the Spanish Republican government in Exile (b. 1889 in Madrid)
1989 - Ignacio Ellacuría, SJ was a Spanish-Salvadorian Jesuit, philosopher and theologian who worked as a professor and rector at the Universidad Centroamericana 'José Simeón Cañas' a Jesuit university in El Salvador founded in 1965 (b. 1930)
1989 - Segundo Montes, SJ was a scholar, philosopher, educator, sociologist and Jesuit priest. He was one of the victims of the 1989 murders of Jesuits in El Salvador (b.1933 in Valladolid)
1989 - Juan Ramón Moreno, jesuit (b. 1933)
1993 - Tomás Garcés i Mitavet was a Catalan poet and lawyer, Garcés was born in Barcelona. He studied law, philosophy and literature in the University of Barcelona. At the time of the Spanish Civil War, Garcés fled to France where he was a teacher of Spanish language in the University of Toulouse (b.1901)