Home Features History Letters from Spain New Arrivals Profiles Recipes Sightseeing Vocabulary Weather

November 20

Saint’s Day for Benigno, Gregorio, Agapito and Eustaquio.

1500 - They arrived chained to Cádiz, Christopher Columbus and his brothers who had been arrested by the Governor of the Indies Francisco de Bobadilla.
1542 - Promulgation of the New Laws, inspired by Fray Bartolomé de las Casas.
1739 - Start of the Battle of Porto Bello between British and Spanish forces during the War of Jenkins' Ear.

Francisco Franco lying in State - https://www.bbc.com/

2011 - General Elections of 2011 are celebrated with the Popular Party with Mariano Rajoy leading by absolute majority, while the PSOE suffers the largest electoral defeat in its history.The election campaign was dominated by the effects of an ongoing financial crisis, high unemployment, a large public deficit and a soaring risk premium. Opinion polls had shown consistent leads for the opposition People's Party (PP) over the ruling Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), whose popularity had plummeted after Zapatero's U-turns in economic policy had forced him to adopt tough spending cuts and austerity measures.
2016 - Murcia is to become the first region to eliminate the tax on solar energy when produced by the client or single companies. The regional Government will publish later this month a decree which will allow thousands of companies to avoid paying this tax.

1562 - Bernardo de Balbuena, poet.
1657 - Philip Prosper of Austria, Prince of Asturias third son and first man Philip IV of Spain and Mariana of Austria (d. 1661)
1820 - Antonio Aguilar y Vela, astronomer.
1850 - Alfredo Vicenti, journalist, doctor and poet.
1867 - Vicente Ripollés, composer, born in Castellón de la Plana (d. 1943)
1880 - Ricard Opisso, draftsman (d. 1966)
1891 - Agapito Marazuela, musician (d. 1983)
1915 - Silverio Pérez, bullfighter (d. 2006)
1931 - Josep Fontana, historian.
1938 - Antonio Giménez-Rico, film producer.
1978 - Fran Perea, actor and singer.

1316 - Juan I, King of France and Navarra.
1598 - Alonso de Cabrera, preacher.
1820 - Juan Escoiquiz, writer, preceptor and canon (d. 1747)
Buenaventura Durruti - https://www.biografiasyvidas.com/
1936 - José Buenaventura Durruti Dumange was a Spanish insurrectionary, anarcho-syndicalist militant involved with the CNT and FAI in the periods before and during the Spanish Civil War. Durruti played an influential role during the Spanish Revolution and is remembered as a hero in the anarchist movement (b. 1896 in León)
1936 - The founder of the Falange Española political movement, José Antonio Primo de Rivera, was executed by Republican forces in Alicante prison.
1960 - Ángel Ayala, priest (b. 1867)
1975 - General Francisco Franco dies after almost four decades as Spanish head of state. (b.1892)
1978 - Eduard Junyent, historian and archaeologist (b. 1901)
1984 - Santiago Brouard, a pediatrician and politician. (b. 1919).
1989 - The Herri Batasuna politician, Josu Muguruza, was shot dead in the Hotel Alcalá in Madrid. The police officer, Ángel Duce, was sentenced to 100 years for his murder.
2011 - Javier Pradera, writer and political analyst (b. 1934)
2014 - Cayetana de Alba, noble and Spanish aristocrat, XVIII Duchess of Alba de Tormes, XI Duchess of Berwick, Great of Spain, head of the House of Alba. Third woman to hold the ducal title in its own right within the family, direct descendant of King James II of England. Besides having more noble titles than any other noble in the world, she received a number of honorary degrees and awards.
2015 – Carlos Oroza, poet (b. 1923)