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November 3

Saint’s Day for Martín de Porres, Silvia, Pedro Armengol and Umberto

1481 - In the Kingdom of Navarra, Francisco de Foix is crowned King.
1493 - Christopher Columbus first sights the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea.
1624 - In the Viceroyalty of New Spain, Rodrigo Pacheco and Osorio, Cerralvo takes office as the 15th Viceroy.
1762 - Treaty of Paris between Spain and France, by which Louisiana passed into Spanish power.
1820 - Ecuador became independent of Spain violently.
1867 - The politician and Spanish writer Antonio Canovas del Castillo joined the Royal Spanish Academy.
1883 - The architect, Antoni Gaudí, is commissioned to continue the work of Francisco de Paula del Villar on the Temple Expiatori de la Sagrado Familia, now Barcelona’s most impressive monument.

Sagrada Familia in 1910 - https://fineartamerica.com/

1884 - Spain occupies Rio de Oro in Western Sahara.
1893 - In Santander, the steam ship Cape Machichaco explodes.
1943 - Spain's Blue Division was repatriated.
1954 - The Royal Foundation of Noblemen was founded.
1969 - The first International Author Film Week is celebrated in Benalmadena.
1980 - The Kings of Spain begin their first official trip to Qatar.
1998 - the Spanish National Court judge, Baltasar Garzón, asks the Spanish government to request the extradition from the UK of the former Chilean dictator, Augusto Pinochet. The formal request reaches the UK government eight days later.
2022 - Spain exhumed the body of a Francoist general who is believed to have ordered the execution of the gay poet Federico Garcia Lorca in 1936 at the start of the Spanish civil war. Church authorities, acting on orders of the Spanish government, removed the body of Gonzalo Queipo de Llano, who commanded the Nationalists’ Southern Army in 1936-37. From the Macarena basilica in Sevilla in the early hours of this morning 

Marco Anneo Lucano - https://cordoba-digital.com/
39 - Marco Anneo Lucano, was a Roman poet, born in Corduba (modern-day Córdoba), in Hispania Baetica. He is regarded as one of the outstanding figures of the Imperial Latin period, known in particular for his epic Pharsalia. His youth and speed of composition set him apart from other poets.(d. 65)

1564 - Francisco Pacheco, painter (d. 1644)
1635 - Miguel de Barrios, was a poet and historian from a converso family who joined the community of Spanish and Portuguese Jews in Amsterdam. He was born in Montilla and was the son of Simon de Barrios - who also called himself Jacob Levi Canizo - and Sarah Valle (d. 1701) 
1856 - in Santander, Marcelino Menendez Pelayo, scholar, historian and literary critic. Even though his main interest was the history of ideas, and Hispanic philology in general, he also cultivated poetry, translation and philosophy. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature five times (d. 1912 in Santander) 
1918 - Raimon Panikkar, philosopher, theologian and writer (d. 2010)
1919 - Jesús Blasco, author and illustrator (d. 1995)
1968 - Alberto Iñurrategi, mountaineer. In the year 2002, he became the second Spaniard and Basque and 10th person to climb the 14 eight-thousanders
1970 - Yolanda Alzola, television presenter, was born in Guernica.
1971 - Unai Emery - football manager (Valencia, Spartak Moscow, Sevilla, PSG, Arsenal) born in Hondarribia
1973 - Ana Milán, actress.
1975 - Marta Domínguez, athlete.
1981 - Diego López, footballer
1982 - Raquel del Rosario, singer in the band El Sueño de Morfeo.
1984 - Saul Craviotto, canoeist.

753 - Saint Pirmin, Spanish-German monk and saint (b. 700)
1220- Urraca of Castile, Queen of Portugal, spouse of King Alfonso II of Portugal (b. 1186)
1373 - Jeanne de Valois, Queen of Navarra (b. 1343)
1580 - Jerónimo Zurita y Castro, historian and author (b. 1512)
1736 - José Patiño Rosales, politician. (b. 1666)
1814 - Isidoro de Antillón, politician and historian (b. 1778)
1853 - Juan Álvarez Mendizábal, politician. (b.1790 in Cádiz)
1873 - Antonio de los Ríos Rosas, politician. A graduate of the University of Granada, he was elected three times President of the Congress of Deputies, the first time being in 1863 (b 1812 in Ronda)
1911 - Salvador Giner Vidal, composer. (b. 1832 in Valencia)
1940 - Manuel Azaña, was a politician who served as Prime Minister of the Second Republic, organiser of the Popular Front in 1935 and the last President of the Republic. He was the most prominent leader of the losing Republican cause during the Spanish Civil War 1936-1939  (b. 1880)
Manuel Lozano Garrido - https://diocesisdejaen.es/
1971 - Manuel Lozano Garrido, Roman Catholic journalist and blessed. He was nicknamed 'Lolo'. On 12 June 2010 he was beatified. He remains as a patron of journalists  (b. 1920 in Linares)
1979 - José Puche Álvarez, doctor (b. 1895)
1981 - Diego López, footballer
1989 - Fernando Martín Espina, basketball player.
2001 - Mariano Rubio, politician and lawyer.
2007 - Germán de Argumosa, parapsychologist.
2007 - Enrique Gimeno, orchestra conductor (b. 1929)
2009 - Francisco Ayala, sociologist, author, and critic (b. 1906)