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November 9

Saint’s Day for Eustolia and Ursino. Festival for Nuestra Señora de la Almudena, patron of Madrid.

694 - At the Seventeenth Council of Toledo, Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery.
1441 - The town of Antequera is declared a city by a royal cedula.

Pilar López de Ayala - https://www.rtve.es/

1729 - Spain, France and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Sevilla.
1879 - Opening of the hippodrome in Castellana, Madrid.
1897 - Catholic Charity Cáritas was founded.
1900 - The first Spanish American Congress opened in Madrid.
1909 - A fire which started in the boiler, caused the destruction of the Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid.
1921 - At the congress of civil engineers gathered in French, Henri Bresier presented a draft project for a tunnel under the Strait of Gibraltar.
1940 - The premier in Barcelona of the Concierto de Aranjuez by Joaquín Rodrigo.
1984 - The Spanish Cabinet approves the bill for the Conscientious Objection Law, setting out the community service alternatives to military conscription. Government approves new rules governing military service which lasts for twelve months and begins at the age of nineteen. Compulsory military service in Spain was abolished in 2001.
1998 - Christiane Fando, lawyer for the ETA prisoners in negotiations in Algiers in 1987, declared after ten years of silence that was agreed to grant amnesty to ETA prisoners and those from GAL.
1999 - Aznar dismisses the officials who benefited from contracts AVE, including relatives of President of Renfe.
2000 - Spain closes the border to breeding cattle from France and Ireland for the mad cows disease.
2000 - Judge Pepe Rei reports the video that justifies the murder of José Luis López de Lacalle.
2022 - A Barcelona court sentenced a policeman to 15 months in jail for posting a video on Twitter falsely claiming it showed an underage migrant trying to rape a woman in Spain
2014 - The Catalan people vote in a referendum on whether and how they should exercise self-determination. The unionist government in Madrid does not recognise the authority of the vote.
2023 - Catalan separatist party Junts per Catalunya and the Spanish Socialist Party signed an agreement that paves the way for a left-wing national government. After “weeks of intense negotiations” and “profound disagreements,” socialist politician Santos Cerdán announced that the deal means Junts will support the Spanish government for a four-year term.

1874 - Julio Romero de Torres, painter.
1911 - The Spanish film director, Antonio Román.
1922 - Lauro Olmo, dramatist.
1926 - Jesús Fernández Santos, writer and film director. (d. 1988 in Madrid)
1926 - Luis Miguel Dominguín, bullfighter, born in Madrid (d.1996)
1926 - The historian and politician, Ricardo de la Cierva.
His uncle, Juan de la Cierva, was the inventor of the autogyro.
1926 - The renowned director, screenwriter and producer, Vicente Aranda, perhaps best known on the international scene for his 2001 film ‘Juana la Loca'. Pilar López de Ayala won a Goya Award for her role as Juana of Castile.(d.2015)
1926 - Ricardo de la Cierva y Hoces was a historian and politician. A native of Madrid, de la Cierva served the constituency of Murcia in the Congress of Deputies and Senate from 1977 to 1982. He was the Minister of Culture for nine months in 1980. His uncle, Juan de la Cierva, was the inventor of the autogyro. (d. 2015 in Madrid)
1926 - Luis Miguel Dominguín, bullfighter (d. 1996)
1926 - Carlos Blanco Aguinaga, in Irun, Awards Guggenheim Fellowship for Humanities US & Canada - Book 'A Time of Your Own' (d. 2013)
1926 - Rafael Lesmes, footballer. (d. 2012 in Valladolid)
1929 - Alfonso Cabeza, doctor and president of Atlético de Madrid.
1930 - Paco Morán, actor. (d. 2012 in Barcelona)
1930 - Ignacio Ellacuría, Spanish-Salvadoran Jesuit Priest, philosopher and human rights activist, born in Portugalete (d. 1989)
1936 - Emilio Ybarra, banker.
1936 - Eduardo Punset, politician, writer, economist and scientific disseminator. He held a degree in Law from the Universidad Complutense in Madrid and a Master in Economic Sciences from the University of London (d. 2019 in Barcelona)
1937 - Maricarmen Vela, actress. in Jávea
1954 - Genaro Celayeta, footballer. (d. 2008)
1955 - Francisco Jódar Alonso in Lorca, politician, was mayor of Lorca and councillor for water, agriculture, farming and fisheries 
1959 - Sito Pons, motorcycle racer born in Barcelona
1972 - Florentino José Fernández Román, better known as Florentino Fernández of simply, Flo, showman, comedian, actor and TV host
1973 - Belén Esteban, television personality. She has appeared in various programmes including the long-running Salvame, a show which has been characterised as Junk TV. She is known as 'La princesa del pueblo' 
1974 - Verónica Butler (Verónica Valenzuela Cordero), writer. born in Cádiz 
1979 - Aitor Galdós, cyclist. in Ermua 
1982 - Arantxa Parra Santonja, former professional tennis player. She turned pro in 2000 and retired in 2019. In her career, Parra Santonja won eleven doubles titles on the WTA tour, Born in Valencia 
1984 - Roldán Rodríguez, Series GP2 motorbike rider who competed in the GP2 Series from 2007 to 2009. Prior to this he competed in Spanish Formula Three and various Formula 3000 categories .

1208 - Sancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon (b. 1154)
1417 - Yusaf III was the thirteenth Nasrid ruler of the Moorish Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus from 1408 to 1417. He inherited the throne from his brother Muhammad VII, and was a noted builder and poet (b. 1376) 
1757 - Antonio José Ruiz de Padrón, politician (b. 1823)
1790 - Juan Ramos de Lora, priest and teacher (b, 1722)
1843 - José Meseguer y Costa, priest (b. 1920)
1850 - Ignacio Bolívar, naturalist and entomologist (b. 1944)
1870 - Carlos Padrós, co-founder of Real Madrid Football Club (b. 1950)
1874 - Julio Romero de Torres, painter (b. 1930)
1911 - Antonio Román, film producer (b. 1989)
1922 - Lauro Olmo, dramatist (b. 1994)
1926 - Luis Miguel Dominguín, bullfighter (b. 1996)
1930 - Ignacio Ellacuría, theologian and philosopher (b. 1989)
1947 - Mariano Benlliure y Gil was a sculptor and medalist, who executed many public monuments and religious sculptures in Spain, working in a heroic realist style (b. 1862 in Valencia)
1954 - Genaro Celayeta, footballer (b. 2008)
1959 - Ramón Cabanillas, writer in the Galician language. (b. 1876)
2007 - José Moreno, actor. (b. 1933 Chiclana de la Frontera)