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October 14

Saint’s Day for Calixto, Evaristo and Bernardo.

1486 - Boabdil returns to Granada and the Albaicin, is crowned king for the second time.
1651 - 1,500 people died in the Murcia Region when the Segura River burst its banks in the floods of San Calixto.
1707 - In the War of Spanish Succession Bourbon troops raid Lleida and give a warning to the population.


1905 - the second oldest football in Andalucía was founded in Seville- Sevilla Fútbol Club.
1957 - the ‘great flood of Valencia’ caused enormous damage when the Turia River burst its banks in Valencia City and 81 deaths 
2019 - The trial of Cataluña independence leaders, legally named Causa Especial 20907/2017 and popularly known as the Causa del procés, was an oral trial that began on 12 February 2019 in the Supreme Court of Spain. The case was tried by seven judges and was chaired by judge Manuel Marchena. Judge Pablo Llarena  had previously coordinated an instruction between October 2017 and July 2018, as a result of which 12 people were tried, including the previous vice president Oriol Junqueras of the regional government and most of the cabinet as well as political activists Jordi Sànchez and Jordi Cuixart and the former Speaker of the Parliament of Cataluña Carme Forcadell. Some defendants remained in pre-trial detention without bail from the beginning of the instruction process and have thus already served part of their sentence.

1737 - José del Castillo, painter (d. 1793)
1784 - Fernando VII, during the early 19th century. He reigned briefly in 1808 and then again from 1813 to his death in 1833. He was known to his supporters as the Desired and to his detractors as the Felon King

Born in Madrid at El Escorial, Ferdinand VII spent his youth as heir apparent to the Spanish throne. Following the 1808 Tumult of Aranjuez, he ascended the throne. That year Napoleon overthrew him; he linked his monarchy to counter-revolution and reactionary policies that produced a deep rift in Spain between his forces on the right and liberals on the left. Back in power in December 1813, he re-established the absolutist monarchy and rejected the liberal constitution of 1812. A revolt in 1820 led by Rafael del Riego forced him to restore the constitution thus beginning the Liberal Triennium: a three-year period of liberal rule. In 1823 the Congress of Verona authorized a successful French intervention restoring him to absolute power for the second time. He suppressed the liberal press from 1814 to 1833, jailing many of its editors and writers.

Under his rule, Spain lost nearly all of its American possessions, and the country entered into a large-scale civil war upon his death. His political legacy has remained contested since his passing, with some historians regarding him as incompetent, despotic, and short-sighted (d. 1833)

1789 - Agustin Duran, writer and scholar of Romanticism.
1863 - Pedro Saenz, painter.
1873 - José Serrano Simeón, composer was born in Sueca, Valencia. He composed more than 50 zarzuelas during his lifetime. (d. 1941)
1886 - Salvador Moreno Fernández, soldier and politician (d. 1966)
1887 - Luis Almarcha Hernández, clergy and politician (d. 1974)
1895 - Mariano Barberán, soldier.
1914 - José Guerrero, painter (d. 1991)
1919 - Mary Carrillo, actress.
1938 - Andrés Fernández Díaz, economist.
1947 - Mons. John Martin, Military Archbishop of Spain and Apostolic Administrator of Asidonia-Jerez River.
1958 - Isabel Sabogal, novelist, poet, translator of Polish literature into Spanish and Peruvian astrologer.
1964 - Pere Ponce, actor.
1972 - Miguel Angel Martin Perdiguero, cyclist.
1974 - Carlos Alejandro Sierra Fumero, footballer.
1976 - Jordi Cruz, presenter.
1981 - Carolina Ruiz Castillo, skier.
1991 - Andrea Duro, actress.

1536 - Garcilaso dela Vega, poet. (b. 1503)
1568 - Jacques Arcadelt, Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance (b. 1504)
1883 - Santos Thief of Cegama, soldier (b. 1754)
1930 - Irene Alba, actress (b. 1873)
1966 - Vicente Rojo Lluch general.
1982 - Víctor Ruiz Iriarte, writer (b. 1912)
1983 - Jesus de la Rosa Luque, singer of the legendary rock group Andalusian Triana.
1998 - José Hernández Díaz, art historian and politician (b. 1906)
2013 - Max Cahner, German-Catalan historian and politician (b. 1836)