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October 15

Saint’s Day for Teresa de Jesús and Tecla

1385 - Battle of Valverde with the triumph of Nuno Alvares Pereira over the Castilians in Valverde de Merida, in the Portuguese aggression in Castilian territory, following its success in Aljubarrota, do not conclude until the signing of the Treaty of Ayllón (Segovia) in 1411.
1522 - Carlos I of Spain (Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire) confers on Hernán Cortés the title of Governor and Captain General of New Spain.
1582 - Gregorian calendar introduced in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states, skipping 10 days after Oct 4 to sync the calendar

1809 - The Viceroy the Río de la Plata, Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros, opens the port of Buenos Aires to trade with nations other than Spain
1821 - The Spanish parliament granted Logroño status as a province, although it remained without effect by order of Fernando VII until territorial division by provinces was brought in in 1833, when Logroño was officially recognised as such. Logroño became the uni-provincial autonomous community of La Rioja in 1982.
1879 - Santa Teresa Flood, in the Segura river reached a flow of 1,890 m3/s in Murcia and causes serious damage in the Guadalentín Valley, Huerta de Murcia and Vega Baja. At the head of the Guadalentín it is estimated that fell 600 mm/h causing 1,077 deaths
1924 - Radio Barcelona (call sign EAJ-1) starts broadcasting as the first officially authorised radio station in Spain. It later expanded to become Cadena SER.
2107 - 500 wildfires occur in Portugal and Northern Spain by winds from Hurricane Ophelia killing at least 35

1775 - Alberto Lista, mathematician, poet, journalist and literary critic (d. 1848)
1777 - Manuel José Anguita Téllez, «Rafael de Vélez», Archbishop (d. 1850).
1783 - Rafael Maroto, militar español.
1869 - Francisco Largo Caballero, President of the UGT union, Vice-President of PSOE, and Prime Minister of Spain from 1936-1937 during the Second Republic. (d. 1946)
1874 - Otalio Morales, composer, born in Almería (d. 1957)
1877 - Francisco Villaespesa, writer (d. 1936).
1879 - Tomás Meabe, politician biographer and writer (d. 1915)
1901 - Enrique Jardiel Poncela, was a Spanish playwright and novelist who wrote mostly humorous works.

In 1932-33 and 1934 he was called to Hollywood to help with the Spanish-language versions shot in parallel to the English-language films. His daughter, Evangelina, wrote a book entitled, Mi padre (My Father).

1901 - Manuel Vidal Hermosa, footballer (d. 1965)
1922 - Alfons Figueras, cartoonist (d. 2008)
1923 - Antonio Fontán, journalist and politician (d. 2010)
1925 - Aurora Bautista, actress (d. 2012)
1926 - Agustín García Calvo, philosopher and poet (d. 2012)
1945 - Antonio Cañizares Llovera, cardinal 
1953 - Enrique Moran footballer.
1954 - Diosdado Simón, researcher, biologist, botanist, arborist and environmental educator.
1955 - José Miguel Monzón Navarro, better known as the comedian El Gran Wyoming, was born in Madrid.
1963 - Francisco Casavella, writer (d. 2008)
1966 - Fernando Madina, musician, from the band Reincidentes.
1969 - Carlos Alsina, journalist.
1972 - Carles Checa, motorbike rider.
1985 - Marcos Martínez, race car driver, born in Madrid
1986 - Nolito footballer

912 - Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Umawi, emir (b. 844)
961 - Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn 'Abd Alläh ibn Muhammad Ibn 'Abd al-Rahmän al-Däkhil or 'Abd al-Rahmän III, was the Umayyad Emir of Córdoba from 912 to 929, at which point he founded the Caliphate of Córdoba, serving as its first caliph until his death (b, 890)
970 - Toda Aznárez, known as Toda of Pamplona, was queen of Pamplona by her marriage to Sancho I, She ruled the kingdom as regent during the minority of her son García Sánchez I from 931. She was herself descended from the previous royal dynasty, Aritza (b. 885) 
1174 - Petronila, queen of Aragón from the abdication of her father, Ramiro II, in 1137 until her own abdication in 1164. After her abdication she acted as regent during the minority of her son (b. 1136)
1690 - Juan de Valdés Leal, painter and illustrator (b. 1622)
1743 - Jesus Sebastian, Franciscan friar beatified instances of Carlos III of Spain.
1811 - Camuñas uncle, Francisco Sanchez Fernandez or "Francisquete" guerrilla.
1841 - Diego de León, soldier.
1940 - Lluís Companys, President of the Generalitat de Catalunya, was executed by the Franco regime.
1946 - Luis Castellanos, painter (b. 1915)
2005 - Ramón Gaya, painter and writer.
2006 - Antonio Alegre Cremades, painter (b. 1939)
2006 - José María Revuelta Prieto, politician (b. 1916).