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October 17

Saint’s Day for Ignacio de Antioquia, Víctor, Alejandro and Mamerta.

1469 - Fernando II of Aragon married Isabel of Castile. The link to the Catholic Monarchs represents the beginning of the process of unification of the Kingdom of Aragon and the Kingdom of Castile under one crown with Carlos I of Spain.
1483 - Tomas de Torquemada appointed inquisitor general of Spain
1919 - King Alfonso XIII inaugurates the first line of the Madrid metro, with eight stations along the 3.48 kms between Puerta del Sol and Cuatro Caminos.

King Alfonso XIII opening the Madrid Metro - photo www.flickrhivemind.net

1556 -  Ex- emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain
1977 - The Amnesty Law came into effect.
1991 - The terrorist's gang ETA multiate Irene Villa and her mother with a limpet bomb under their car.
1986 - the Chairman of the International Olympic Committee, Juan Antonio Samaranch (himself from Barcelona), announces Barcelona as the seat of the 1992 Olympic Games.
2011 - Peace Conference San Sebastian ended with a five-point statement in which international representatives urged the terrorist organization Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) to a permanent cessation of violence.
2014 - The dictionary Real Spanish Academy (RAE) presents the first issue of the twenty-third edition of the King of Spain Philip VI.
2022 - The leader of a notorious Italian mafia gang has been arrested in the same Costa del Sol town where Gerry ‘The Monk’ Hutch was captured. Plain-clothes police pounced as the mafia don left his home in Fuengirola on Friday morning on his bike.

1500 - Alonso de Orozco Mena, religious writer (d. 1591)
1692 - Baltasar Carlos of Austria, Prince of Asturias (1629-1646)
1749 - Antonio Raimundo Ibáñez Llano y Valdés, nobel industrialist (d. 1809)
1805 - The Battle of Trafalgar On that day, in the waters of the Gulf of Cádiz, close to Barbate and Los Caños de Meca, Cape Trafalgar, the eastern limit of the Strait of Gibraltar and the scene of the historic battle.
The naval combat, considered one of the most important battles in the XIX century, contemplated the two forces of allied squadrons of France and Spain, commended by the vice-admiral of the French fleet during the so-called Napoleonic Wars, Pierre Villeneuve, under his mandate was Capitan General of the Royal Spanish Armada, Federico Gravina against the British fleet, led by Horacio Nelson, one of the Vice-Admirals of the British Royal Navy, who obtained the Victoria Cross and the name of Trafalgar Square in London in memory of his leadership.

1821 - Pedro Salaverría, polítician (d. 1896)
1828 - Aureliano Maestre de San Juan, scientist (d. 1890)
1844 - Miguel Nieto, composer, born in Reus (d. 1915)
1847 - Alejandro San Martín y Satrústegui, doctor and politician (d. 1908)
1850 - Pablo Iglesias, the founder of the PSOE Party and the UGT union, was born in Ferrol, la Coruña.
1856 - José Villalba Riquelme, soldier (d. 1944)
1857 - Baldomero Bonet y Bonet, chemist (d. 1925)
1863 - Ignacio Tabuyo, musician, singer and teacher of Spanish song.
1867 - Josep Puig i Cadafalch, Catalan architect who designed the Casa Martí (d. 1956)
1871 - The Spanish film-maker, Segundo de Chomón, a pioneer in the world of silent cinema and one of the first great masters of special effects, was born in Teruel (d. 1929)
1878 - Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, aristocrat politician and 17th Duke of Alba (d. 1953)
1890 - Mariano Ozores Francés, actor (d. 1976)
1903 - Andrés Espinosa, climber (d. 1985)
1904 - José María Hinojosa Lasarte, poet of the Generation of 27, introducer in Spain of surrealist poetry and co-director in 1929, along with Emilio Prados, Litoral magazine.
1909 - Leopoldo Panero, poet (d. 1962)
1909 - Joaquín Satrústegui, lawyer and politician (d. 1992)
1909 - Carme Serrallonga, teacher and translator (d. 1997)
1911 - Pascual Perry, militar español (d. 1989)
1917 - Alfred Benlloch Llorach, inventor (d. 2013)
1917 - Manuel Molina, poet (d. 1990)
1920 - César Albiñana, judge (d. 2007)
1920 – Miguel Delibes, journalist and author (d. 2010)
1921 - Enrique Fontana Codina, politician and businessman (d. 1989)
1932 - Juan Manuel Arza Muñuzuri, politician.
1934 - Javier Moscoso, polítician.
1936 - Santiago Navarro, basketball player (d. 1993)
1937 - José María Álvarez del Manzano, Partido Popular Mayor of Madrid between 1991 and 2003, was born in Sevilla.
1939 - Amancio Amaro, footballer.
1943 - Ignacio Rupérez Rubio, diplomat and journalist (d. 2015) 
1944 - Ángel Cristo, Lion tamer (d. 2010)
1945 - Francisco Javier Elorza, noble and diplomat
1946 - José Perramón, handball player
1947 - Manuel Pérez Barriopedro, photographer.
1950 - Carlos Pérez Merinero, writer (d. 2012)
1957 - Javier Maté, footballer player and manager.
1958 - Melchor Miralles, journalist.
1958 - Sandra Mozarowsky, actress (d. 1977)
1959 - Mustafa Aberchán, Spanish-Moroccan politician.
1963 - Beatriz Hernanz, poet.
1968 - David Muñoz, film maker.
1969 - Jesús Ángel García racewalker 
1973 - Quique González, composer, singer and rock musician.
1978 - Pablo Iglesias Turrión, professor of political science at Complutense University of Madrid, leader of Spanish citizens' movement and political party Podemos.
1980 - Noemí Jordana, basketball player.
1985 - Jennifer Colino, gymnast.
1986 - Toni Bou, test driver and motorcyclist 
1988 - Marina Salas, actress.
1989 - Débora García, football midfielder
1989 - David Timor, footballer.
1990 - Maica García, waterpolo player.

1575 - Gaspar Cervantes de Gaeta, cardinal (b. 1511)
1612 - Juan Felipe Mey, humanist (b. 1542)
1644 - Mendo de Benavides, noble priest (b. 1569).
1649 - Alonso Messia Venegas, religious man (b. 1557).
1898 - Vicente Barrantes, poet and bibliophile.
1908 - José del Perojo, philosopher, journalist and writer (b. 1850)
1911 - José López Domínguez, soldier and policeman (b. 1829)
1934 - Santiago Ramon y Cajal, histologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1906 (d. 1852)
1936 - Fidel Fuidio, archeologist (d. 1880)
1944 - César Silió y Cortés, politician and journalist (b. 1865)
1976 - Enrique Soladrero, footballer (d. 1913)
1978 - Ricardo Espinosa Osete, actor (d. 1925)
2010 - Teresa Carbó Comas, activist (d. 1908)