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October 18

Saint’s Day for Lucas, Asclepíades and Atenodoro.

1005 - The Kingdom of Aragon is established.
1511 - Juana la Loca signed a Letter of Privileges.
1519 - The conquistador, Hernán Cortés, leads the ‘Matanza de Cholula,’ in Mexico, where thousands lost their lives.
1540 - Spanish Conquistador Hernando de Soto's forces destroy the fortified town of Mabila in present-day Alabama, killing Tuskaloosa 
1597 - King Felipe II of Spain send his third and final armada against England, but ends in failure due to storms. The remaining ships are captured or sunk by the English
1805 - Battle of Tamames (Salamanca), belonging to the Spanish War of Independence.

1939 - The capital of Spain changed from Burgos to Madrid.
1997 - The groundbreaking Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Gehry is inaugurated by King Juan Carlos 1 in Bilbao
2022 - Dozens of ships carrying liquefied natural gas (LNG) circling off the coasts of Spain unable to secure slots to unload have prompted grid operators for the country to warn they may have to suspend loading to deal with this "exceptional situation".
If the backlog is not cleared soon those ships may start looking for alternative ports outside Europe to offload their cargo.

1562 - Pedro de Alcantara, religious man.
1668 - Juan Jorge V (d. 1694)
1824 - Juan Valera, writer.
1830 - Juan Sempere and Guarino, politician, jurist, bibliographer and economist.
1832 - Julian Sanchez, guerrilla and soldier.
1841 - Mallada Lucas, geologist, paleontologist and writer.
1850 - Pablo Iglesias, politician and unionist, founder of the PSOE and UGT.
1878 - Miguel Llobet, composer (d. 1938)
1895 - Lucas Espinosa, philologist and indigenista (d. 1975)
1895 - Rafael Garcia and Garcia de Castro, bishop (d. 1974)
1897 - Pablo Sorozábal, composer (d. 1988)
1909 - Antonio Domínguez Ortiz, historian (d. 2003)
1935 - Jorge 'Jordi' Cervelló, Catalan composer and musicologist, born in Barcelona
1942 - Juan Tamariz, illusionist.
1946 - Pablo Guerrero, singer songwriter was born in Esparragosa de Lares, Badajoz province, Extremadura.
1946 - Vicente Molina Foix, writer and screenwriter.
1963 - Frank Estévez War, poet.
1970 - Marc Recha, film maker.
1972 - Bruno Cardeñosa, journalist.
1977 - Jon Bru, cyclist.
1979 - David Herrero, cyclist.
1990 - Melody, singer.

1035 - Sancho III of Navarre (b. 992)
1526 - Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón, explorer. (b. 1475)
1558 - Mary of Hungary, daughter of Philip el Hermoso and Juana la Loca.
1562 - Pedro de Alcantara, religious man.
1830 - Juan Sempere y Guarinos, politician, jurist, bibliographer and economist.
1832 - Julian Sanchez, guerrilla and soldier.
1898 - Juan Alonso Zayas, military of the army.
1934 - Santiago Ramón y Cajal, pathologist, histologist, and neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
1955 - Jose Ortega y Gasset, philosopher.
1966 - Rafael Sanchez Mazas, writer and politician.
1978 - Ramón Mercader, journalist, assassin of Leon Trotsky (b. 1914)
1983 - Diego Abad de Santillán, anarchist, writer and editor. (b. 1897)
1994 - Conchita Montes,actress
2003 - Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, won the 1979 Premio Planeta literary prize for his novel ‘Los Mares del Sur’. (b. 1939)
2003 - Joan Perucho, writer, poet, essayist, journalist and judge.