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October 21

Saint’s Day for Úrsula, Hilarión, Asterio, Gótico and Dasio.

1285 - Sancho IV and the Sultan of Morocco, Ibn Yusuf Ibn al-Hahmar, peace sign after the latter besieged Jerez de la Frontera (Cadiz) and Seville attack.
1520 - The navigator, Fernando de Magallanes (Magellan) rounded the Cape of the Virgins (Cabo Vírgenes) at the mainland tip of South America, reaching the entrance to what is now known as the Strait of Magellan – the sea channel he discovered between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Fernando de Magallanes - wikipedia

1555 - English parliament refuses to recognise Philip of Spain as king
1805 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Trafalgar: A British fleet led by Vice Admiral Lord Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain under Admiral Villeneuve, signaling almost the end of French maritime power and leaves Britain's navy unchallenged until the 20th century.
2012 - Autonomous elections were held in Galicia and the Basque country.
2018 - ‘The largest downpour ever seen in Málaga’ – 396 litres per square metre is an all-time record, and tragically left one fireman dead, thousands affected across the province and thankfully the reservoirs are now full. The dead fireman came from Antequera where his colleagues were searching around the clock until they were exhausted. A car which had been moved along with the torrent of water was found to be empty.
2020 - Spain becomes the first European country to record more than 1 million Covid-19 cases with the death toll at 34,366
2020 - A motion of no confidence in the Spanish government of Pedro Sánchez was tabled by the far-right party Vox The motion was announced by Vox leader Santiago Abascal during a Congress plenary debate on 29 July 2020, justifying it on the basis of an alleged mismanagement of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain on the part of Sánchez's government. Despite hints at fielding a "prestigious independent candidate", failure in finding a suitable alternative candidate led to the motion's tabling being delayed until late September and in Abascal himself being nominated to defend the party's programme.
No party other than Vox (which then commanded 52 deputies in the Congress) showed a willingness to support the motion, a fact that, coupled with parliamentary arithmetics—with Spanish right-from-centre parties commanding 153 out of the 176 seats required for it to pass even in the event that they coordinated themselves to support it—meant that it would fail in its attempt to bring down Sánchez's government.[ With the voting resulting in only 52 deputies in support of the motion to 298 against, it became the least-supported motion of no confidence in Spanish history
2022 - The Spanish authorities have announced that the country will no longer apply Coronavirus entry rules for travellers from non-European Union/Schengen Area countries.

1728 - Count of Floridablanca, politician.
1807 - Hilarion Eslava, composer and musicologist.
1823 - Emilio Arrieta, composer.
1859 - Francesc Macia, Catalan nationalist politician.
1903 - Federico de Castro y Bravo, judge (d. 1983)
1908 - Jorge Oteiza, sculptor.
1911 - Juan Garcia Avalos Taborda, sculptor.
1931 - Hugh Thomas, historian and British hispanic.
1933 - Francisco Gento, footballer winger (Spain 43 caps, Real Madrid 427 games) and manager (Granada FC) born in El Astillero (d. 2022)
1946 - Goyo Rubio football defender (22 caps, Real Madrid 317 games) born in Puente del Arzobispo (d. 2020)
1949 - Manuel Marín, President of Congress between 2004 and 2008, born in Ciudad Real. He became the youngest member of Congress when he was elected as a Socialist MP for Ciudad Real in 1977, the first election to take place after the end of the Franco regime. A long-time member of the European Commission, he became Acting President for a short period when Jacques Santer resigned in 1999.
1955 - Alberto Iglesias, composer of music for Spanish films.
1958 - Julio Medem, film director and screenwriter.
1958 - Pilar Rahola, Catalan politician.
1965 - Jon Andoni Goikoetxea, Basque footballer.
1967 - José Luis San Miguel Torvisco, creative.
1974 - Carlos Chaouen, composer, singer and musician.
1989 – Jonathan Viera, footballer
1990 – Ricky Rubio, basketball player

1650 - Pedro Espinosa, poet and anthologist.
1805 - Dionisio Alcalá Galiano, cartographer and sailor.
1805 - Francisco Alcedo and Bustamante, military and marine Spanish.
1805 - Cosme de Churruca, marine scientist.
1915 - Luis Adaro, engineer (b. 1849)
1952 - Juan Yagüe, soldier (b. 1891)
1957 - Laureano Barrau, Catalan impressionist painter (b. 1863)
1968 - Aureli Maria Escarré, priest (b. 1908)
1972 - Marcelino Olaechea priest (b. 1888)
1980 - Miguel Carved Buñuel, actor and writer.
1982 - Juan Camacho, singer (b. 1947)
1995 – Jesús Blasco, author and illustrator (b. 1919)
1995 - Manuel Vázquez Gallego, cartoonist (b. 1930)
2002 - Pasieguito, footballer (b. 1925)
2009 - José María Rodríguez Méndez, writer and dramatist (b. 1926)