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October 23

Saint’s Day for Juan de Capistrano, Servando, Germán, Teodoro and Ignacio.

1086 - Spanish Reconquista: At the Battle of Sagrajas, the Almoravids defeat the Castilians, but are unable to take advantage of their victory

General Francisco Franco meets Adolf Hitler at Hendaye railway station - https://en.wikipedia.org/

1702 - the British admiral, Sir George Rooke, defeats the Spanish treasure fleet and its escort in the Battle of Vigo Bay – also known as the Battle of Rande - during the War of Spanish Succession.
1739 – War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain.
1905 - At the Hippodrome de Madrid, Real Madrid Football Club played its first international match.
1940 - General Francisco Franco meets Adolf Hitler at Hendaye railway station, just over the border in German-occupied France to discuss the possibility of Spain entering the Second World War
1989 - El Mundo newspaper (El Mundo del Siglo XXI) was founded by Pedro J. Ramírez (former editor of the now-defunct Diario 16), Alfonso de Salas, Balbino Fraga and Juan González.
2000 - Cartagena (Murcia) undergoes one of the biggest floods in its history, the life of a person lost
2022 - An Irish woman has died after an accident in the Tramontana Mountains in Mallorca. It is understood the woman lost her balance while hiking and slipped to her death while walking a popular hiking trail. The 75-years-old hiker was with a group of 12 other hikers when she fell and sustained serious head injuries, according to local reports.


1255 - Ferdinand de la Cerda, noble (d. 1275)
1884 - Santiago Casares Quiroga, politician and lawyer.

Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena - https://dbe.rah.es/

1897 - Juan Ignacio Luca de Tena y García de Torres, 2nd Marquis of Luca de Tena, politician, diplomat, journalist and playwright.  Luca de Tena was Member of the Cortes (1958–64) and Ambassador of Spain to Chile (1940–44) and to Greece (1961–62).
His son was the journalist Guillermo Luca de Tena. His daughter, María Victoria Luca de Tena, was married to Nemesio Fernández-Cuesta, a businessman and journalist (d. 1975)
1948 - Jordi Sabatés, pianist and musician
1951 - Angel de Andres Lopez, actor. (d. 2016)
1961 - Andoni Zubizarreta, goalkeeper and sportscaster
1962 - Antonio Salinero, novelist.
1973 - Ibon Uzkudun, actor.
1975 - Manuela Velasco, actress.
1977 - Trad Montana, rapper.
1981 - Leticia Dolera, actress.
1990 - David Miralles, judge.
1992 - Álvaro Morata, footballer


1134 - Abu al-Salt, Andalusian polymath
1780 - María Andrea Casamayor y de la Coma, mathematician and writer.
1913 - Miguel Navarro Cañizares, painter.
1930 - Vicente Casanova and Marzol, archbishop of the Catholic Church.
1980 - The UCD politician, Jaime Arrese Arizmendiarrieta, the former Mayor of Elgoibar in Guipuzcoa, was shot and killed by the ‘Comandos Autonómos Anticapitalistas,’ a break-away from the ETA terrorist organisation
1995 - Vincent Esposito, painter and sculptor.
1995 - Kiko Ledgard, Peruvian-Spanish presenter of television.