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October 3

Saint’s Day for Francisco de Borja and San Gerardo, Dionisio, Fausto and Cayo.

1700 - The last of the Spanish Hapsburgs, Carlos II, named his great-nephew Philip of Anjou his heir in his will on this day. Carlos died on 1st November and Philip became Felipe V of Spain and the first King of the Bourbon dynasty.

The first electric tram in Madrid - photo - http://www.vialibre-ffe.com/pdf/7575_TRANVIAMADRDID-545.pdf

1714 - Felipe V approved the constitution of the Real Academia Española - the academy founded the previous year to monitor and protect the Spanish language – and placed it under royal protection.
1792 - A militia departs from the Spanish stronghold of Valdivia to quell a Huilliche uprising in southern Chile
1898 - The first electric tram starts operating in Madrid.
1904 - Saguia el-Hamra is annexed to Spain.
1904 - France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
1987 - In his first official visit to Californian lands, Juan Carlos I of Spain celebrates a diplomatic and friendly meeting, with strong cultural interests, with Clint Eastwood, Mayor of Carmel.
2009 - Basque tuna boat Alakrana is kidnapped by Somali pirates. The captivity lasted 47 days.
2014 - In the German city of Hattingen, Queen Sofia, Queen Emeritus of Spain, it is awarded the Steiger 2014 Solidarity Award for its work primarily through the Foundation that bears his name, with praise or laudatio musician Peter Maffay.
2017 - The King – ‘it is the responsibility of the State legitimate powers to assure constitutional order’ – the King indicated the road forward for the Government, and supported in his speech directed at all the Spanish people, to take exceptional measures against the attempted coup from the Generalitat.  The Generalitat – ‘Have bankrupted democratic principles. They have mocked the items which unite us and insult the rest of the Spanish’
Irresponsible conduct - ‘They could at risk the current economic and social stability in Cataluña’  Difficult times – ‘We will overcome because we believe in our country and we are proud of how we are’ Firmness – ‘I underline my compromise as King with the unity and permanence of Spain’

1792 - Francisco Morazán, 2nd President of The Federal Republic of Central America, born in Tegucigalpa, Guatemala, New Spain (d. 1842)
1868 - Francisco Vidal y Barraquer, cardinal (d. 1943)
1876 - Salvador Giner Gomis, missionary priest whose activity is mainly developed between Peru and Colombia. He fell ill with leprosy in 1944 and spent his last years in the Sanatorium-Cologne "Baldomero Sommer" of Buenos Aires.
1880 - Juan March Ordinas, entrepreneur and financier.
Gerardo Diego Cendoya - https://www.universolorca.com/
1896 - Gerardo Diego Cendoya, a poet, a member of the Generation of '27. Diego taught language and literature at institutes of learning in Soria, Gijón, Santander and Madrid. He also acted as literary and music critic for several newspapers
Diego was born in Santander. He studied the subjects of Philosophy & Humanities at the University of Deusto, and later at the universities of Salamanca and Madrid, where he earned his doctorate. With Juan Larrea, he founded the Ultraísta Movement in 1919. He was a professor of literature and music. He began his poetic work with El romancero de la novia (1920)
After discovering the Chilean poet Vicente Huidobro, founder of the Creationist movement, Diego became one of the most enthusiastic followers of Creacionismo. The extensive poetic work of Diego has always varied between the themes and expressions of Vanguardism and the more classical structures of poetry. In 1925, he was awarded the National Prize for Literature for his book Versos humanos. He began to publish the journal Carmen y Lola. of Vanguardist character. in 1927. In 1932 he published Poesía española contemporánea He was elected to the Spanish Royal Academy in 1947. His lifetime accomplishment was recognised with the Cervantes Prize in 1979. (d. 1987)

1911 - Maria de las Mercedes de Borbón Bavaria and, third daughter of infants Ferdinand Maria of Bavaria and Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain.
1916 - María de los Ángeles Alvariño González, marine biologist and oceanographer, born in El Ferrol (d. 2005)
1918 - Pedro Lazaga, director and film screenwriter (d. 1979)
1921 - Alberto Closas, actor.
1934 - Rodolfo Martin Villa politician.
1943 - Jesús Mariñas, journalist.
1945 - Antonio Martinez , rock guitarist (Los Bravos - 'Black is Black') born in Madrid (d. 1990)
1948 - Pedro del Hierro, designer and fashion designer.
1955 - Ángela Molina actress (Lola, Streets of Gold, Half of Heaven), born in Madrid
1958 - Candido Sibilio, Dominican basketball player nationalized Spanish.
1962 - Juan Antonio Ruiz Roman, "Spartacus", bullfighter.
1980 - Ruben Ochandiano, actor.
1982 - El Juli, bullfighter.

1568 - Isabel de Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II, dies in childbirth aged 23
1611 - Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain, Queen consort of Spain (1598-1611)(b. 1594)
1667 - Alonso Cano, painter. (b.1601)
1685 - Juan Carreño de Miranda, painter (b. 1614)
1820 - Vicente Emparan, soldier (b. 1747)
1941 - Emiliano Iglesias, politician (b. 1878)
1943 - Emilio Cebrián Ruiz, composer (b. 1900)
1995 - Juan Antonio Toledo, painter (b. 1940)
2006 - Antonio José Betancor, director of Spanish cinema(b. 1942)
2006 - Antonio González Calderón, journalist and screenwriter (b. 1915)
2007 - Pablo Palazuelo, painter, and sculptor (b.1915)
2010 - Mansur Escudero, Islamist psychiatrist and doctor (b. 1947)
Jesús Quintero - https://www.heraldo.es/
2022 - Jesús Quintero was born in San Juan del Puerto, Huelva, on 18 August 1940. He was introduced into the theatrical world and from there jumped to RNE (Radio Nacional de España) in 1973, which began a long career as a presenter. His first program was Studio 15-18, presented with Marisol Valle. It was a great success and the star program in the attempted normalization of public radio programming that passed from dictatorship to a new period.

Quintero's flagship program, with schemes that would revolutionize the media was El hombre de la roulot (Man of Roulotte) and El loco de la colina (The fool on the hill), which made him a social phenomenon even outside Spain, Argentina or Uruguay.

Quintero also appeared as a lecturer in the teaching world, such as when he delivered the conference Journalism and Commitment on 17 October 2002 at the Faculty of Communication Sciences of the University of Málaga, on his tenth anniversary. After this speech, he unveiled a plaque to baptize one of the classrooms of the center with his name, sign of respect and admiration that produces the journalist.

Quintero was producer of the singer Soledad Bravo and guitarist Paco de Lucía.

Quintero was author of the books Trece noches (Thirteen nights) (1999) with Antonio Gala, Cuerda de presos (Prisoners Rope) (1997) and Jesús Quintero: entrevista (Jesús Quintero: Interview) (2007). (b. 1940)