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October 9

Saint’s Day for Dionisio, Luis Beltrán, and also a regional holiday in Valencia for the Día de Valencia.

1238 - The most important day in the history of the Valencia Region, when Jaime I of Aragón, ‘El Conquistador’ entered the gates of Valencia City after more than five centuries of Moorish rule.

The Day of Valencia - Archive photo

1264 - The Kingdom of Castilla -in the period known as the Reconquista - recaptures the then Muslim city of Sherish and renames Xerez (later known as Jerez de la Frontera).
1547 - Miguel de Cervantes, probably born on September 29, is baptized.
1582 - Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1595 - The Spanish army captures Cambrai.
1617 - Peace of Pavia between Spain and Savoye
1790 - A severe earthquake in northern Algeria causes severe damage and a tsunami in the Mediterranean Sea and kills three thousand
1820 - Guayaquil declares independence from Spain.
1919 - The eight-hour workday is implanted in Spain.
1934 - In Turon, within the framework of the Revolution of Asturias, at 1:00 am a revolutionary picket shoot dead eight Catholic religious, the Martyrs of Turon.
1945 - Clemency for those sentenced to death for military rebellion, that is, those convicted of support to the Republic during the Civil War was declared.
1982 - Marina of Benalmádena was opened.
1988 - Valencia Inaugurated the first underground metro lines.
1989 - Canal Nou, the Valencia regional television station starts broadcasting.
1999 - Beginning of the Wanninkhof case: Rocío Wanninkhof leaves home in Mijas costa never to return; her body is found several weeks later.
2011 - A magnitude 4.3 earthquake hits the southern coast of El Hierro in the southwestern Canary Islands of Spain, the strongest such earthquake to occur in an earthquake swarm on the island. The quake is believed to have been caused by rising magma, which has forced evacuations amid fears of an impending volcanic eruption, which last occurred on El Hierro in 1793.

1818 - Francisco Navarro Villoslada writer was born in Viana, Navarra.
1866 - Enrique Hauser y Neuburger, engineer (d. 1943)
1870 - Arboleya Maximiliano Martinez, priest, sociologist and activist Catholic Spaniard, one of the leading figures in the social Catholicism in Spain.
1911 - Luis Santaló, mathematician (d. 2001)
1924 - Rafael de La-Hoz Arderius, architect (d. 2000)
1926 - Juan José Cuadros Pérez, poet and writer (d. 1990)

1390 - John I of Castile (b. 1358)
1581 - Luis Beltrán, dominican monk, Catholic saint. (b. 1526)
1586 - Joan Coloma i Cardona, soldier, aristocrat and writer.
1646 - Baltasar Carlos de Austria, Spanish prince (b. 1629)
1581 - Luis Beltrán Exach, the Dominican missionary from Valencia, was one of the noted Spaniards who died on this day. He was canonised by Pope Clement X in 1691.
1586 - Joan Coloma and Cardona, nobleman, writer and Spanish military.
1734 - Martín Martínez, doctor and philosopher (b. 1684)
1974 - Pere Bosch i Gimpera, the internationally-renowned Catalan archaeologist and prehistorian, died in Mexico City. He fled to exile in Mexico in 1939, and took on Mexican nationality in 1971.