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September 11

Saints Days: Jacinto and Proto. Nuestra Señora de las Viñas
The Diada - Cataluña National Day
Fiestas of La Algaba in Sevilla

1609 - The expulsion order against the non-converted Muslims in Valencia is the start of expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos
1714 - Siege of Barcelona, Barcelona, capital city of Cataluña, surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbon armies in the War of the Spanish Succession 
1766 - Carlos III of Spain allows American Aborigines in the religious communities and allows them to hold civil positions
1826 - Spain leaves League of Nations due to Germany joining
Battle of Tampico - https://www.timetoast.com/
1829 - An expedition led by Isidro Barradas at Tampico, sent by the Spanish crown to retake Mexico, surrenders at the Battle of Tampico, marking the effective end of Mexico's campaign for independence 
1891 - Flooding isolates Consuegra (provincia de Toledo), 360 died.
1977 - A million people demonstrate in Barcelona to ask for the return of self-government in the institutions.
1981 - The Museum of Modern Art in New York hands over Picasso’s Guernica to Spain – the work was painted in 1937 and is now in the Reina Sofia in Madrid
1984 - 20 die in a forest fire in the island of La Gomera, the Governor of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Francisco Afonso, among them
2008 - The Spanish company Telefonica announces its decision to launch a tender offer for 55.1% of Telefónica Chile for about US $ 985 million.
2012 - A 400 km long human chain called Catalan Way is organized by the Assemblea Nacional Catalana for the independence of Cataluña
2017 - the National Day of Catalonia, in support of Catalan independence. It was organized by the Catalan National Assembly (ANC), the main civil society organisations behind the massive pro-independence demonstrations held since 2012. The number of participants that took part in the demonstration varied between 350,000 as reported by the Spanish Government delegation and 1,000,000 according to the Guàrdia Urbana de Barcelona, with other calculus also suggesting an in-between participation of around 500,000. Organisers said 450,000 people had registered beforehand for the event, using an online form

1557 - Joseph Calasanz, priest and founder of Piarists (d. 1648 in Rome)
1684 - Martín Martínez, doctor and philosopher (d. 1734)
1792 - Francisco Sanchez Fernandez, better known as Uncle Camuñas or Francisquete, was one of the most famous fighters of La Mancha during War of Spanish Independence.
1871 - Hermenegildo Anglada Camarasa, Catalan and Balearic painter, born in Barcelona, he studied there at the Llotja School. His early work had the clear academic imprint of his teacher Modest Urgell
In 1894 he moved to Paris, and studied at the Académie Julian. He adopted a more personal style, after that of Degas and Toulouse-Lautrec, with their depictions of nocturnal and interior subjects. But his work was also marked by the intense colours which presaged the arrival of Fauvism. Lively brushwork reveals strong Oriental and Arab influences. Allied with the Vienna Secession movement, his decorative style draws comparison to Gustav Klimt
One of his most important works is a portrait of Sonia Klamery - https://www.museoreinasofia.es/
He died in Pollença, and is commemorated by a bronze bust on the 'Pine Walk' at Port de Pollença  (d. 1959)
1891 - William Thomas Walsh, American author (Isabella of Spain) born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 1949)
1904 - José María Bueno Monreal, priest (d. 1987)
1911 - Conchita Montenegro, model dancer and singer. (d. 2007)
1962 - Julio Salinas, footballer (Barcelona) born in Bilbao
1965 - Fernando Gómez, footballer.

1808 - José Celestino Mutis, astronomer, mathematician and botanist.
1876 - Estevarena conception, poet.
1965 - Fernando Aguirre, actor (b. 1882)
2002 - Roberto Vidal Bolaño, writer and theatre actor (b. 1950)
2012 - Manuel Salvat Dalmau, publisher (b. 1925)
2022 - Javier Marías, key figure in European literature over recent decades and renovator of Spanish narrative , and author of novels including  Corazón blanco, Todas las almas and Tu rostro mañana, Academic in languages, editor, translator and collaborator with El País, he published his first novel aged 19. And from the 90’s, encouraged by an enormous success in Europe, he earned the respect of critics and the admiration of readers around the world. He was translated into 40 languages and sold more than eight million books  (b. 1952)