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September 22

Saint’s Day for Vidal, Inocencio, Tomás de Villanueva and Mauricio.

1458 - By Royal Provision issued by Henry IV, the demolition of the town of Estepona (Málaga), but finally the order was not carried out.
1586 - Battle of Zutphen: Spanish victory over the English and Dutch.
1609 - In Valencia the expulsion of the moors is ordered.

Antonio Saura - Photo www.Spkorenart.com

1812 - The Cortes of Cádiz gives the Duke of Wellington supreme command of the Spanish armies.
1937 – Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.
1970 - Archaeologist Francisco José Presedo Velo discovered the Lady of Baza in Spain.
2007 - The line "G-6" of the Valencia Metro opens
2009 - A Spanish doctor, identified as AM, is sentenced to a year in prison for his role in the death of the former First Lady of Nigeria, Stella Obasanjo.
2014 - On the occasion of his visit to the headquarters of the UN in Manhattan, Felipe VI began his first official trip to the Americas since being crowned king.

1601 - Anne of Austria, Spanish princess. Austrian archduchess, Queen of France as wife of  Louis XIII and regent of France (1643-51) for her son Louis XIV born in Benavente Palace, Valladolid (d. 1666)
1855 - Mariano de Cavia, periodista español. (d. 1920)
1825 - Ramon Alvarez Bruise, sculptor. (d. 1889)
1930 - Antonio Saura, artist was born in Huesca. (d. 1998)
1933 - Leonardo Balada, Spanish-American composer and educator, born in Barcelona. After studying piano at the Conservatori Superior de Música del Liceu in Barcelona, Balada emigrated to the United States in 1956 to study at the New York College of Music on scholarship. He left that institution for the Juilliard School in New York, from which he graduated in 1960. He studied composition with Vincent Persichetti, Alexandre Tansman and Aaron Copland, and conducting with Igor Markevitch. In 1981 he became a naturalised citizen of the United States. He taught at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania starting in 1970, and retired in 2020


Balada's works from the early 1960's display some of the characteristics of neoclassicism, but he was ultimately dissatisfied with this technique, and in 1966 began to move towards a more avant-garde style, producing works such as Guernica. Balada felt a need for a change again in 1975, his work from then onward being characterised by the combination of folk dance rhythms with the avant-garde techniques of the previous period. Harmonically, Balada's mature period work displays a combination of the tonality of folk music with atonality. Compositions representative of this period include Homage to Sarasate  and Homage to Casals. No matter the stylistic phase, Balada's music features extensive rhythmic variance and unique orchestration, often in service of a haunting atmosphere   

1938 - Lola Salvador Maldonado, writer.
1939 - Luisa María Payán, actress and business woman.
1941 - José Luis García Sánchez, filmmaker.
1942 - Marina Mayoral, writer and professor.
1948 - Jorge Verstrynge, politician and political scientist.
1966 - Albert Pla, Catalan singer songwriter and poet.

852 - Abderrahman II, the fourth Omayyad Emir of Córdoba in the Moorish occupation of Spain, died in Córdoba.
1554 – Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, explorer (b. 1510)
1987 - Victoria Kent, lawyer and politician during the Second Republic.
1991 - Tino Casal, painter and musician.
2003 - Germán Lopez arias, journalist (b. 1927).
2005 - Francisco Javier Yubero, footballer died after a long illness.