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September 29

Saint’s Day for Miguel, Rafael and Gabriel

1513 - Vasco Nunez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama and take the South Sea on behalf of Castile.
1578 - Spanish colonisation of the Americas. Tegucigalpa, capital city of Honduras, is claimed by the Spaniards.
1864 - The Treaty of Lisbon was signed between Spain and Portugal, establishing the current border between the two countries, and abolishes the Couto Misto microstate

Francisco Franco - Archive photo

1936 - Nationalist forces named Francisco Franco as Generalísimo and head of their government after Civil War broke out earlier that year.
1975 - In Barcelona, el GRAPO (Grupos de Resistencia Antifascista Primero de Octubre) killed a member of the armed police.
2010 - Spanish workers stage the country's first general strike since 2002. Transport operates at below normal levels, TV and newspapers are reduced and picketers deliver pamphlets to offices in Madrid explaining their position.
2014 - Rafael Catalá Polo sworn in as Minister of Justice of Spain, becoming the first member of a cabinet that opens during the reign of Philip VI, and introduced a new modality for such swear, thereafter ceremonial symbols at the discretion of convictions every president for personnel to promise.

1511 - Michael Servetus, physician, cartographer, and theologian (Christianism Prostituta) born in  Tudela (d. 1553)
1538 - Joan Terès i Borrull, archbishop (d. 1603)
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra - https://www.meer.com/

1547 - Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, was an Early Modern writer widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists. He is best known for his novel Don Quixote, a work often cited as both the first modern novel and one of the pinnacles of world literature.
Much of his life was spent in poverty and obscurity, while the bulk of his surviving work was produced in the three years preceding his death, when he was supported by the Court of Lemos, and did not have to work. Despite this, his influence and literary contribution are reflected by the fact that Spanish is often referred to as 'the language of Cervantes'
In 1569, Cervantes was forced to leave Spain and move to Rome, where he worked in the household of a cardinal. In 1570, he enlisted in a Spanish Navy infantry regiment, and was badly wounded in the Battle of Lepanto in October 1571. He served as a soldier until 1575, when he was captured by Barbary pirates; after five years in captivity, he was ransomed, and returned to Madrid
His first significant novel, titled La Galatea, was published in 1585, but he continued to work as a purchasing agent, and later as government tax collector. Part One of Don Quixote was published in 1605, and Part Two in 1615. Other works include the 12 Novelas ejemplares (Exemplary Novels), a long poem, the Viaje del Parnaso (Journey to Parnassus), and Ocho comedias y ocho entremeses (Eight Plays and Eight Interludes) Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda (The Travails of Persiles and Sigismunda) was published posthumously in 1616 (d. 1616)

1786 - Guadalupe Victoria, Mexican independence leader, Ist President of Mexico (1824-29) born in Tamazula New Spain (d. 1843)
1864 - Miguel de Unamuno, philosopher and author (Ensayos, Teatro) born in Bilbao (d. 1936)
1866 - José Gálvez Ginachero, gynecologist (d. 1952)
1873 - Irene Alba, actress.
1913 - Miguel Fisac, architect.
1913 - Ramón de Garcia Sol, poet (d. 1994)
1916 - Antonio Buero Vallejo, playwright.
1943 - Ivan Zulueta, designer and film director.
1949 - Miguel Gallardo, singer songwriter and musical producer (d. 2005)
1951 - Manuel Pizarro, Endesa chairman.
1957 - Miguel Ángel Sola, football player and trainer.
1967 - Miki Nadal, actor.
1969 - Llunas Marcos, singer.
1975 - Albert Celades, footballer (Barcelona, Real Madrid) born in Barcelona
1975 - María Isasi, actress.
1976 - Óscar Sevilla, cyclist born in Ossa de Montiel
1982 - Virginia Maestro, singer.
1985 - Dani Pedrosa, motorcycle racer
1990 - Joel Bosqued, actor.
1999 - Juan Urdangarín y de Borbón, Spanish son of Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca, born in Barcelona

1796 - DE.Luis of Cordova, Captain General of the Spanish Armada.
1833 - Ferdinand VII of Spain, Spanish king. dies aged 48
1816 - Manuel Verdugo and Albiturría, "Bishop Verdugo," religious man.
1833 - Fernando VII, King of Spain, died in San Lorenzo de Escoria. (b. 1784)
1863 - Pascual Maria Estruch, lawyer.
1892 - Felipe Picatoste, mathematician, teacher, journalist, politician and polygraph.
2002 - Rafael Santos Torroella, art critic, translator, poet and cartoonist (b. 1914)
2005 - Enric Gensana, footballer (b. 1936)
2010 - Eduardo Manchón, footballer (b. 1930)
2014 - Miguel Boyer, economist and politician (b. 1939)