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September 8

Saints Days – Adela, Caridad and Nuria
Regional holidays in Extremadura and Ceuta

1423 - in Navarra, King Carlos III the Noble promulgating a treaty (Privilege of the Union) by which the three boroughs that formed the city of Pamplona and maintained physical and legal independence including unite under one flag, the same wall and one alderman.
1522 - Navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Sevilla Spain, completing 1st circumnavigation of the globe (expedition began under Ferdinand Magellan)
Pedro Menéndez de Avilés - https://dbe.rah.es/
1565 - Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, admiral, explorer and conquistador from Avilés in Asturias. He is notable for planning the first regular trans-oceanic convoys, which became known as the Spanish treasure fleet and founding St. Augustine, Florida in 1565. This was the first successful European settlement in La Florida and the most significant city in the region for nearly three centuries. St. Augustine is the oldest continuously inhabited European-established settlement in the continental United States. Menéndez de Avilés was the first governor of La Florida (1565.74), By his contract or asiento with Phillip II, Menéndez was appointed adelantado and was responsible for implementing royal policies to build fortifications for the defence of conquered territories in La Florida and to establish Castilian governmental institutions   (d. 1574)
1703 - Capuchin Father Fray Isidoro de Sevilla presents on the Alameda de Hercules in Seville, Marian invocation of Divine Shepherd of Souls.
1708 - The Capuchin Priest, Fray Isidoro de Sevilla, gave the marine dedication to Divine Pastora de las Almas, in the Alameda de Hercules in Sevilla.
1813 - At the final stage of the Peninsular War, British-Portuguese troops capture the town of Donostia (San Sebastián) resulting in a rampage and eventual destruction of the town
1816 - King Ferdinand VII granted by Royal Charter, the town title to the congregation of Alvarado.
1873 - Emilio Castelar is elected president of the First Spanish Republic.
Isaac Peral's submarine - www.reestampmagazine.com
1888 - The first travel of Isaac Peral's submarine, was the first practical submarine ever made.
Peral was the first successful electric battery-powered submarine, built by engineer and sailor Isaac Peral for the Spanish Navy, in Arsenal de la Carraca (Navantia now) The first fully capable military submarine, she was launched 8 September 1888. She had one torpedo tube and two torpedoes and an air regeneration system. Her hull shape, propeller, periscope, torpedo launcher and cruciform controls anticipated later designs. Her underwater speed was 5.6km/h. With fully charged batteries, she was the fastest submarine yet built, with underwater performance levels (except for range) that matched those of First World War U-boats for a very short period, before her batteries began to drain. In June 1890 Peral's submarine launched a torpedo while submerged. It was also the first submarine to incorporate a fully reliable navigation system. However, conservatives in the Spanish naval hierarchy terminated the project despite two years of successful tests. Her operational abilities have led some to call her the first U-boat
1907 - Alfonso XIII named Cangas de Onis in Asturias as a city – the grandest capital, the smallest city
1925 - Rif War: Spanish forces including troops from the Foreign Legion under Colonel Francisco Franco landing at Al Hoceima (Northern Morocco).
1957 - in Zaragoza, opens the stadium La Romareda.

1456 - Bernardino López de Carvajal y Sande, cardinal.
1515 - Alfonso Salmeron, priest and scholar, born in Toledo (d. 1585).
1652 - Luisa Roldán, Sculptor (f. 1706).
1824 - Jaime Nunó, Spanish-American composer, conductor, and director (d. 1908)
1852 - Jacinto Octavio Picón, writer, painter, art critic and journalist
1862 - Elisa Sanchez Loriga, Spanish woman who adopted a male identity (Mario) to marry Marcela Gracia Ibeas, the first attempt of homosexual marriage on record in Spain.
1915 - Manuel Tunon de Lara, historian
1939 - Ricardo Solans, dubbing actor.
1947 - Diego López Garrido, politician.
1962 - Sergio Casal, tennis player (Olympic silver 1988) born in Barcelona
1968 - Miguel Báez Spínola "El Litri", bullfighter.
1978 - Gerard Autet, footballer and manager born in Manlleu

1425 - Charles III of Navarre called the Noble, was King of Navarre from 1387 to his death and Count of Éveux from 1387 to 1404, when he exchanged it for the title of Duke of Nemours. He spent his reign improving the infrastructure of his kingdom, restoring Navarre's pride after the dismal reign of his father Charles the Bad, and mending strained relations with France (b. 1361)
1555 - Thomas of Villanova (Tomás García) Spanish saint, Archbishop of Valencia, and writer dies aged 67
1645 - Francisco de Quevedo, poet and politician (b. 1580)
1682 - Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz, mathematician and philosopher (b. 1606)
1906 - Joaquín María Arnau Miramón, architect.
1929 - Domingo Rivero, poet.
1978 - Ricardo Zamora, goalkeeper.
2004 - Matías Prats Cañete, journalist.